… Exclusion from federal homeownership programs undermined Black families’ wealth accumulation in the 20th century … The Federal Housing Admin. (FHA) used these maps to determine the areas in which it would guarantee mortgages based on a neighborhood’s racial composition, designating predominantly nonwhite neighborhoods as hazardous, and coloring these areas red. This process, known as redlining, …
Racism in Health Care: …60% of African Americans say that race or ethnic background affects getting routine medical care. …Heart mortality rates for adults ages 25-64 are almost twice as high among African Americans as whites.
Racism in Education: … Applied Research reports that the rate of school suspensions is far higher for black students than for whites nationwide. … African Americans and Hispanics in Texas were significantly more likely to be searched following a traffic stop by law enforcement agencies.
…The survey finds that black and white adults have widely different perceptions about what life is like for blacks in the U.S. For example, by large margins, blacks are more likely than whites to say black people are treated less fairly in the workplace (a difference of 42 percentage points), when applying for a loan or mortgage (41 points), in dealing with the police (34 points), in the courts (32 points), in stores or restaurants (28 points), and when voting in elections (23 points).